Nutrition and Chylous Effusions

Little Chefs

Among other things chyle contains fats and proteins that the body needs for energy and white blood cells which help fight infection. When the chyle escapes the lymphatic vessels the body is unable to use its components efficiently, or not at all, and must compensate for the losses. This can lead to malnutrition, fatigue, and increased risk for infection. Here we have compiled information about chyle, chylous leaks, and nutritional habits that may help to counteract the effects of the loss of nutrients seen in some patients with lymphangiomatosis and Gorham’s disease.


What is chyle?


Nutritional Management of Chyle Leaks: An Update


Chyle Leak Guidelines


Very Low Fat Diet for Chyle Leaks


Basic list of foods to avoid and foods you can enjoy on a fat free diet


Information about medium chain triglycerides from WebMD


Total Parenteral Nutrition (TPN)


Chylous Ascites: Evaluation and Management

Said A. Al-Busafi, Peter Ghali, Marc Deschênes, and Philip Wong, “Chylous Ascites: Evaluation and Management,” ISRN Hepatology, vol. 2014, Article ID 240473, 10 pages, 2014. doi:10.1155/2014/240473

Chylothorax in Infants and Children

Tutor, JD., Chylothorax in infants and children. Pediatrics. 2014 Apr;133(4):722-33. doi: 10.1542/peds.2013-2072. Epub 2014 Mar 31.